Knowledge of the processes involved in osseointegration has enabled good progress in dental implant treatments, with a very positive impact on edentulate patients in particular. It provides an alternative to restorations with conventional complete prostheses and the functional inability that this entails, above all in the mandible.
This type of patient usually presents mandibular reabsorption with narrow socket crests as a consequence of complete edentulism for a long period of time. This situation, alongside the existence of anatomical structures such as the dental nerve, can increase the complexity of implant treatments, forcing us to use more complex techniques to guarantee a good result.
The success of these complete fixed restorations with implants is high provided there is good maintenance and control of the periimplant tissues.
Edentulate patient aged 87 years, comes to the clinic as she cannot tolerate the mobility of the complete lower prosthesis she has had for more than 10 years.
After explaining to the patient that the bone reabsorption in the mandible hinders the stability of the prosthesis, we proposed fitting four Avinent Biomimetic Iceberg implants and converting her complete prosthesis (CP) into a fixed implant-supported overdenture.
To do this in a minimally invasive way, it was decided to use guided placement for the implants. Using a functional digital impression of the patient's CP with Permlastic (Kerr), the STL was printed to make a radiographic splint with gutta-percha markers using the dual scan protocol. The position of the implants was planned with Implant Studio (3Shape) software and a mucosa-supported surgical guide with two anchor pins was made.
Four Biomimetic Iceberg 3.5 x 11.5 mm implants were placed in the positions 34, 32, 42 and 44. Even though we achieved a torque of 40 N in all of them, we chose to place the healing caps and use the complete prosthesis as the provisional for healing.
After a period of 3 months, in a second stage surgery, healing abutments were placed and the patient's complete prosthesis was temporarily rebased.
The healing stage did not result in any complications and once complete we fitted the 4 Locator abutments to convert the patient's CP into a removable implant-supported overdenture. The implants were distributed according to the patient's own prosthesis for good retention.
Implant treatments on narrow socket crests, a consequence of edentulism over a long period, are usually complex. In this case, with prior digital planning and a minimally invasive treatment, we were able to provide a solution to the patient's problem with her complete lower prosthesis.
The use of Biomimetic Iceberg implants enabled us to provide stability in the soft tissues, producing a peripheral seal and achieving a good clinical result, preserving a ridge of keratinized gum for correct maintenance of the patient's implants in the medium and long term.